The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), CISA, and Coast Guard Cyber Command (CGCYBER) have updated the Joint Cybersecurity Advisory (CSA) published on September 16, 2021, which details the active exploitation of an authentication bypass vulnerability (CVE-2021-40539) in Zoho ManageEngine ADSelfService Plus—a self-service password management and single sign-on solution.
The update provides details on a suite of tools APT actors are using to enable this campaign:
- Dropper: a dropper trojan that drops Godzilla webshell on a system
- Godzilla: a Chinese language web shell
- NGLite: a backdoor trojan written in Go
- KdcSponge: a tool that targets undocumented APIs in Microsoft’s implementation of Kerberos for credential exfiltration
Note: FBI, CISA, and CGCYBER cannot confirm the CVE-2021-40539 is the only vulnerability APT actors are leveraging as part of this activity, so it is key that network defenders focus on detecting the tools listed above in addition to initial access vector.
CISA encourages organizations to review the update the November 19 update and apply the recommended mitigations. CISA also recommends reviewing the relevant blog posts from Palo Alto Networks, Microsoft, and IBM Security Intelligence.